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Citation: 99 Cong. Rec. A5350 1953 
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Inc.; League of Catholic Slovenian Amer- 
icans ; Missionaries of St. Charles for the 
Italian Immigrants; National Alliance of 
Czech Catholics; National Catholic 
Rural Life Conference; National Con- 
ference of Catholic Charities; National 
Council of Catholic Men; National Coun- 
cil of Catholic Women; New York Dio- 
cesan Resettlement Committee; Polish 
Immigration Committee; Slovak Cath- 
olic Federation of America; Ukrainian 
Catholic Committee; Ukrainian Con- 
gress Committee; United Friends of 
Needy and Displaced People of Yugo- 
slavia; United Lithuanian Relief Fund 
of America; United Ukrainian American 
Relief Committee; White Ruthenian — 
Byelorussian — Congress Committee ; 

War Relief Services — National Catholic 
Welfare Conference. 

There being no objection, the resolu- 
tion was ordered to be printed in the 
Record, as follows: 

The members of the National Catholic Re- 
settlement Council and the American Com- 
mittee on Special Migration at a Joint meet- 
ing unanimously passed the following resolu- 

“Whereas the 83d Congress, 1st session, 
has enacted H. R. 6481 In response to recom- 
mendations made by President Elsenhower: 

“Whereas the enactment of this legislation 
serves the highest Interest of our beloved 
America while, at the same time, It will as- 
sist some of our most Important allies in 
solving problems created by tyranny, war, 
and Its aftermath: 

"Whereas the enactment of this legisla- 
tion was made possible by the firm support 
and determined leadership of certain Mem- 
bers of Congress: Therefore, be It 

"Resolved, That the National Catholic Re- 
settlement Council and the American Com- 
mittee on Special Migration, representing as 
they do millions of Americans whose hopes 
and prayers beseech peace with freedom for 
all mankind, express their grateful apprecia- 
tion to all those who assisted in bringing 
about the enactment of emergency legisla- 
tion; be it further 

"Resolved, That a copy of this resolution 
be transmitted to those Members of Congress 
whose services In this worthy cause were 

A Report to the Senate Interstate Com- 
merce Committee on the Need for In- 
vestigation of Cancer Research Organ- 






Monday, August 3, 1953 

Mr. LANGER. Mr. President, I re- 
quest permission to have inserted in the 
Congressional Record under date of 
August 3, 1953, the letter from Charles 
W. Tobey, Jr., son of the late Senator 
Charles Tobey, together with his en- 

There being no objection, the letter 
and enclosure were ordered to be printed 
in the Record, as follows: 

Concord, N. H. 

The Honorable William Lanoer, 

Senate Office Building, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Senator Lanoer: My father had in- 
tended to put the enclosed report In the 
Congressional Record but. due to his un- 
timely death, this was Impossible. 

It would be greatly appreciated If you 
would have this report Inserted In the Con- 
gressional Record Appendix under the sug- 
gested heading of "A Report to the Senate 
Interstate Commerce Committee on the 
Need for Investigation of Cancer Research 

With personal regards, I am. 

Sincerely yours, 

Charles W. Tobey, Jr. 

From: Benedict F. Fitzgerald, Jr., special 
counsel to the Committee on Interstate 
and Foreign Commerce. 

To: Hon. John W. Bricker and members of 
the Interstate and Foreign Commerce 
Committee of the United States Senate. 
Subject: Progress report on study requested 
by the late Senator Charles W. Tobey, 
chairman, Senate Interstate and Foreign 
Commerce Committee. 


The undersigned, as special counsel to the 
Senate Interstate and Foreign Commerce 
Committee, was directed to supervise a study 
of the following: 

1. All those Individuals, organizations, 
foundations, hospitals and clinics, through- 
out the United States, which have an effect 
upon interstate commerce and which have 
been conducting researches, investigations, 
experiments and demonstrations relating to 
the cause, prevention, and methods of diag- 
nosis and treatment of the disease cancer, 
to determine the Interstate ramifications of 
their operations, their financial struptures, 
Including their fund-raising methods, .and- 
the amounts expended for clinical research 
as distinguished from administrative expend- 
itures, and to ascertain the extent of the 
therapeutic value claimed by each in the use 
of its particular therapy. 

2. The facts Involving the discovery of, the 
Imports from a foreign country of, the re- 
searches upon, and the interstate experi- 
ments, demonstrations, and use of the vari- 
ous drugs, preparations, and remedies for the 
treatment of the disease cancer, such drugs 
to include the so-called wonder drug krebio- 
zen, gloxylide, mucorhlcin, and others. 

3. The facts Involving the interstate con- 
spiracy, if any, engaged in by any individ- 
uals, organizations, corporations, associa- 
tons, and combines of any kind whatsoever, 
to hinder, suppress, or restrict the free flow 
or transmission of krebiozen, gloxylide, and 
mucorhlcin, and other drugs, preparations 
and remedies, and information, researches, 
investigations, experiments and demonstra- 
tions relating to the cause, prevention and 
methods of diagnosis and treatment of the 
disease cancer. 

4. The facts involving the operation of 
voluntary cooperative prepaid medical plans 
and the organizations sponsoring said plans 
which are engaged in interstate commerce 
and which include In their programs medical 
treatment for the disease cancer, to deter- 
mine the extent of their Interstate insur- 
ance operations, the identity of their origi- 
nators and sponsors, and the resistance, if 
any, that each Insurer has experienced from 
any individuals, organizations, corporations, 
associations, or combines, in their attempts 
to offer protection to those who are afflicted 
with the disease cancer. 

6. The facts involving the Inequality of 
opportunity, if any, that exists with regard 
to race, creed, or color, in connection with 
the admission of students, researchers, and 
patients to institutions throughout the 
United States engaged in cancer therapy. 

Activity report 

Pursuant to the above, the undersigned 
commenced a collection and study of ma- 
terial covering the operations of foundations, 
hospitals, clinics, and Government-sponsored 
organizations specializing in cancer problems, 
including the following: 

American Cancer Society. 

American Medical Association. 

Anne Fuller Fund, New Haven, Conn. 

Babe Ruth Foundation. 

Black, Stevenson Cancer Foundation, Hat- 
tiesburg, Miss. 

Bondy Fund, New York. 

. Johnathan Bowman Fund, Madison, Wis. 

Crocker Cancer Research Fund, New York. 

Damon Runyon Cancer Fund. 

Philip L. Drosnes and the Drosnes Lazen- 
bey Clinic, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Dr. F. M. Eugene, Blass Clinic, Long Valley. 
N. J. 

Government organizations: The Depart- 
ment of Health, Education, and Welfare; (a) 
Food and Drug Administration; (b) Federal 
Trade Commission. 

Dr. Gregory Clinic, Pasadena, Calif. 

Hoxsey Cancer Clinic, 4507 Gaston Avenue, 
Dallas, Tex. 

C. P. Huntington Fund, New York. 

International Cancer Research Founda- 
tion, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Md. 

Dr. Waldo Jones, Myrtle Beach. S. C. 

Dr. William F. Koch and Rev. Sam Swain 
Clinic, also known as the Christian Medical 
Research League, Detroit, Mich., and Brazil. 
South America. 

Lakeland Foundation, Chicago, 111. 

Lincoln Foundation, Medford, Mass. 

Memorial Hospial, New York. 

Dr. K. F. Murphy and Dr. Charles Lyman 
Lofler Clinic, 25 East Washington Street, 
Chicago, 111. 

New York Skin and Cancer Hospital, New 

Radium Institute of New York. 

Henry Rutherford Fund, New York. 

Charles F. Spang Foundation, Pittsburgh, 

University of Chicago, Chicago, 111. 

University of Illinois, Champaign, 111. 

Thereafter, the undersigned traveled to 
Illinois to investigate the so-called krebiozen 
controversy, and on July 2, 1953, wrote a re- 
port on his findings which is attached hereto 
and marked "Exhibit A.” Included in this 
report was the evaluation: 

“The controversy is Involved and requires 
further research and development. There is 
reason to believe that the AMA has been 
hasty, capricious, arbitrary, and outright 
dishonest, and of course if the doctrine of 
'respondeat superior’ is to be observed, the 
alleged machinations of Dr. J. J. Moore (for 
the past 10 years the treasurer of the AMA) 
could Involve the AMA and others in an 
Interstate conspiracy of alarming propor- 

“The principal witnesses who tell of Dr. 
Moore's rascality are Alberto Barreira, Argen- 
tine cabinet member, and his secretary, Anna 
D. Schmidt.”. 

Thereafter, the undersigned visited other 
areas, interrogating medical men, and on 
July 14, 1953, wrote a further report. In- 
cluded in this was the evaluation: 

“Being vitally interested and having tried 
to listen and observe closely, it is my pro- 
found conviction that this substance kre- 
biozen is one of the most promising materials 
yet isolated for the management of cancer. 
It is biologically active. I have gone over 
the records of 530 cases, most of them con- 
ducted at a distance from Chicago, by un- 
biased cancer experts and clinics. In reach- 
ing my conclusions I have of course dis- 
counted my own lay observations and relied 
mostly on the opinions of qualified cancer 
research workers and ordinary experienced 



"I have concluded that In the value of 
present cancer research, this substance and 
the theory behind It deserves the most full 
and complete and scientific study. Its value 
In the management of the cancer patient has 
been demonstrated In a sufficient number 
and percentage of cases to demand further 

"Behind and over all this Is the weirdest 
conglomeration of corrupt motives, intrigue, 
selfishness, jealousy, obstruction, and con- 
spiracy that I have ever seen. 

"Dr. Andrew C. Ivy, who has been con- 
ducting research upon this drug, is abso- 
lutely honest intellectually, scientifically, 
and In every other way. Moreover, he ap- 
pears to be one of the most competent and 
unbiased cancer experts that I have ever 
come in contact with, having served on the 
board of the American Cancer Society and 
the American Medical Association, and In 
that capacity having been called upon to 
evaluate various types of cancer therapy. 
Dr. George O. Stoddard, president of the 
University of Illinois, In assisting In the 
cessation of Dr. Ivy's research on cancer at 
the University of Illinois, and In recom- 
mending the abolishment of the latter’s post 
as vice president of that institution, has, in 
my opinion, shown attributes of Intolerance 
for scientific research in general.” 

It is a matter of common knowledge that 
the entire subject matter Is highly contro- 
versial and thus further and additional re- 
search and development would entail more 
time. A controversy among renowned sur- 
geons, pathologists, cancerologists, and radi- 
ologists should not deter or silence this com- 
mittee from carrying out the mandate" con- 
templated and expressly directed by the late 
chairman of your committee, Senator Charles 
W. Tobey, by virtue of the resolution passed 
by the Senate. 

Now, passing on to another institution, I 
have very carefully studied the court records 
of three cases tried In the Federal and State 
courts of Dallas, Tex. A running fight has 
been going on between officials, especially Dr. 
Morris Fishbein, of the American Medical 
Association through the journal of that or- 
ganization, and the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic. 
Dr. Fishbein contended that the medicines 
employed by the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic had 
no therapeutic value; that It was run by a 
quack and a charlatan. (This clinic is 
manned by a staff of over 30 employees, in- 
cluding nurses and physicians.) Reprints 
and circulation of several million copies of 
articles so prepared resulted in litigation. 
The Government thereafter Intervened and 
sought an injunction to prevent the trans- 
mission In interstate commerce of certain 
medicines. It is Interesting to note that In 
the trial court, before Judge Atwell, who 
had an opportunity to hear the witnesses in 
two different trials, It was held that the so- 
called Hoxsey method of treating cancer was 
in some respects superior to that of X-ray, 
radium, and surgery and did have thera- 
peutic value. The Circuit Court of Appeals of 
the Fifth Circuit decided otherwise. This 
decision was handed down during the trial of 
a libel suit in the District Court of Dallas, 
Tex., by Hoxsey against Morris Fishbein, who 
admitted that he had never practiced medi- 
cine one day in his life and had never had a 
private patient, which resulted in a verdict 
for Hoxsey and against Morris Fishbein. The 
defense admitted that Hoxsey could cure ex- 
ternal cancer but contended that his medi- 
cines for internal cancer had no therapeutic 
value. The jury, after listening to leading 
pathologists, radiologists, physicians, sur- 
geons, and scores of witnesses, a great num- 
ber of whom had never been treated by any 
physician or surgeon except the treatment 
received at the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic, con- 
cluded that Dr. Fishbein waswrong; that his 
published statements were false, and that 
the Hoxsey method of treating cancer did 
have therapeutic value. 

In this litigation the Government of the 
United States, as well as Dr. Fishbein, brought 
to the court the leading medical scientists, 
including pathologists and others skilled in 
the treatment of cancer. They came from 
all parts of the country. It is significant to 
note that a great number of these doctors 
admitted that X-ray therapy could cause 
cancer. This view is supported by medical 
publications, including the magazine en- 
titled “Cancer,” published by the American 
Cancer Society, May issue of 1948. 

I am herewith including the names and 
addresses of some of the witnesses who testi- 
fied in the State and Federal court. It has 
been determined by pathology, in a great 
many instances by laboratories wholly dis- 
connected from the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic, 
that they were suffering from different types 
of cancer, both Internal and external, and 
following treatment they testified they were 

Name, address, and type 

J. A. Johnson, Ranger, Tex., squamous cell 
No. 2. 

Mrs. R. J. Hickman, 1225 East Allen Street, 
Fort Worth, melanocarcinoma. 

Robert Thane, Avoca, Tex., myxoliposar- 

Mrs. H. H. Johnson, Denton, Tex., adeno- 

Mrs. Elmer Smith, Wellington, Tex., malig- 
nant melanoma. 

Mildred F.ager, 2101 Stovall Street, Dallas, 
Tex., melonoma. 

A. G. Burgess, 2416 Wymann Street, Dallas, 
Tex., basal cell carcinoma. 

Ira Poston, 5322 Victor Street, Dallas, Tex., 
basal cell carcinoma. 

W. E. Harmon, Grapevine, Tex., prickle cell 

Mrs. J. A. Robb, Weatherford, Tex., basal 
cell carcinoma. 

Mrs. Lessie Hester, Lubbock, Tex., adeno- 
carcinoma of uterus. . 

Mr. E. E. Hockett, Farmersville, Tex., R. F. 
D., prickle cell carcinoma. 

Mrs. Lora Barnett, Peniel, Tex., adenocar- 
cinoma of uterus. 

T. E. Truman, Waco, Tex., epidermoid car- 

Fritz Trojan, Waco, Tex., squamous cell 

Mr. C. W. Malone, Brownwood, Tex., basal 
cell type. 

Val Seurer, Hinton, Okla., malignant car- 

Jo Parelli, sportotorium, Dallas, Tex., ma- 
lignant carcinoma. 

Mrs. R. M. Hoffman, care J. B. Baird Co., 
Shreveport, La„ spindle cell carcinoma. 

Tom Coates, Merkel, Tex., basal cell car- 

J. L. Renfro, Merkel, Tex., malignant car- 

Mrs. J. D. Douglas, Fort Worth, Tex., duct- 
cell carcinoma. 

Mrs. R. S. Turner, squamous cell carci- 
noma, grade 3. 

Mrs. C. E. Mallory, squamous cell car- 

Mrs. Herman Thomas, 5222 Merrimac 
Street, Dallas, Tex., melanocarcinoma. 

Clifton H. .Smith, 5637 Hiram Street, Fort 
Worth, Tex., malignant carcinoma. 

Rev. Horace W. Irwin, West Warwick, R. I., 
malignant carcinoma. 

I have had access to literature by leading 
scientists in the field of medicine. The at- 
tention of the committee is invited to the 
hearings held during the 79th Congress, in 
July 1946; Senate bill 1875 being under con- 
sideration, wherein it appears, as follows: 

“Dr. George Miley was born in Chicago, 
1907, graduated from Chicago Latin School, 
1923, graduated with bachelor of arts from 
Yale University in 1927, from Northwestern 
Medical School, 1932, interned at Chicago 
Memorial Hospital in 1932 and 1933, Uni- 
versity of Vienna Postgraduate Medical 
School, 1933, 1934, following which he visited 

the hospitals in India, China and Japan. 
He is a fellow of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science. He holds 
a national board certificate and since 1945 
he has been medical director of the Gotham 
Hospital, New York. 

"Report of Dr. Miley of a survey made by 
Dr. Stanley Reimann (in charge of tumor re- 
search and pathology, Gotham Hospital) be- 
fore Senator Pepper’s committee on Senate 
bill 1875, a bill to authorize expenditure of 
$100 million in cancer research. 

"Dr. Reimann ’s report on cancer cases in 
Pennsylvania over a long period of time 
showed that those who received no treat- 
ment lived a longer period than those that 
received surgery, radium, or X-ray. The ex- 
ceptions were those patients who had re- 
ceived electrosurgery. The survey also 
showed that following the use of radium and 
X-ray much more harm than good was done 
to the average cancer patient. 

“Dr. William Seaman Bainbridge, A. M., 
Sc. D., M. D., C. M., F. I. C. S. (honorary), 
was the recipient of six honorary degrees 
from various institutions, the most recent 
being the degree of doctor honoris cause from 
the University of San Marcos, Peru. He has 
been surgeon at the New York Skin and Can- 
cer Hospital, surgical director of New York 
City Children’s Hospital, and of Manhattan 
State Hospital, Ward’s Island, and consult- 
ing surgeon and gynecologist to various hos- 
pitals in the New York metropolitan and 
suburban areas. 

"While there are some who still believe in 
the efficacy of radiation as a cure, my skepti- 
cism with regard to its value is being in- 
creasingly substantiated. But even with the 
best technic of today, its curative effect in 
real cancer is questionable. In 1939 the 
great British physiologist, Sir Leonard Hill, 
wrote: ‘Large doses (of gamma and hard 
X-rays) produce destruction of normal tis- 
sues such as marrow and lymphoid tissue, 
leucocytes and epithelial linings, and death 
ensues. * * * The nation would, I think, be 
little the worse off if all the radium in the 
country now buried for security from bomb- 
ing in deep holes, remains therein.' 

"A neoplasm should never be Incised for 
diagnostic purposes, for one cannot tell at 
what split moment the cancer cells may be 
disseminated and the patient doomed. As- 
pirating the neoplasm to draw out the cells 
by suction. This, too, is a very questionable 
procedure, for what of the cancer cells that 
may be present below the puncture point 
and around the needle which have been set 
free? It must be realized that while cancer 
cannot be transplanted from man to man, it 
can be transplanted in the same host." 

"There is a report from another source 
in which Dr. Feinblatt, for 6 years pathologist 
of the Memorial Hospital, New York, reported 
that the Memorial Hospital had originally 
given X-ray and radium treatment before 
and after radical operations for breast ma- 
lignancy. These patients did not long sur- 
vive, so X-ray and radium were given after 
surgery only. These patients lived a brief 
time only, and after omitting all radiation 
patients lived the longest of all. 

"doctors warned to be wary in use of x-rays 


"(By Howard W. Blakeslee, Associated Press 
science editor) 

"New York, July 6, 1948. — X-rays and gam- 
ma rays can cause bone cancer is warning 
issued in Cancer, a new medical journal 
started by the American Cancer Society. 
The bone cancer warning, covering more than 
20 pages, is by Drs. William G. Gahan, Helen 
Q. Woodward, Norman L. Higginbotham, Fred 
W. Steward, and Bradley I. Coley, all of New 
York City. 

"One of the most dangerous things about 
this kind of bone cancer, the report states, 
is the very long delay between the use of 
the rays and the appearance of the cancer. 



The delay time In the 11 cases ranged from 
6 to 22 years.. 

“Dr. Herman Joseph Muller, Nobel Prize 
winner, a world-renowned scientist, has 
stated the medical profession is permanently 
damaging the American life stream through 
the unwise use of X-rays. There is no dosage 
of X-ray so low as to be without risk of 
producing harmful mutations.” 

The attention of the committee is in- 
vited to the request made by Senator Elmer 
Thomas following an Investigation made by 
the Senator of the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic 
under date of February 25, 1947, and ad- 
dressed to the Surgeon General, Public 
Health Department, Washington, D. C., 
wherein he sought to enlist the support of 
the Federal Government to make an investi- 
gation and report. No such investigation 
was made. In fact, every effort was made 
to avoid and evade the investigation by the 
Surgeon General’s office. The record will 
reveal that this clinic did furnish 62 com- 
plete case histories, including pathology, 
names of hospitals, physicians, etc., in 1945. 
Again, in June 1950, 77 case histories, which 
included the names of the patients, patho- 
logical reports in many instances, and in 
the absence thereof, the names of the pathol- 
ogists, hospitals, and physicians who had 
treated these patients before being treated 
at the Hoxsey Cancer Clinic. The Council 
of National Cancer Institute, without investi- 
gation, in October 1950, refused to order an 
investigation. The record in the Federal 
court discloses that this agency of the Fed- 
eral Government took sides and sought in 
every way to hinder, suppress, and restrict 
this institution in their treatment of cancer. 
(See testimony of Dr. Gilcin Meadors, pp. 
1125-1139, transcript of record. Case No. 
13645, D. S. C. A.) 

Among the numerous foundations and 
clinics which profess to possess a remedy for 
the treatment of cancer is the Lincoln Foun- 
dation of Medford, Mass., which has been 
the particular target of the AMA. I have not 
had an opportunity to sufficiently explore 
the particular type of therapy employed by 
this institution. However, I understand it 
involves a unique theory of inhalent therapy 
and the transmission of bacteria-phage. In 
passing it is important to note that this 
technique was the subject of a particular 
Interest to the late chairman who was a 
trustee of the Lincoln Foundation following 
a successful treatment of his son, Charles 
W. Tobey, Jr. This remedy has been tried 
by hundreds of patients and it is alleged that 
these treatments have been proven beneficial. 

Another institution which claims to have 
made some progress in the treatment of can- 
cer is the Drosnes-Lazenbey Cancer Clinic, of 
Pittsburgh, Pa. The reports would indicate 
that this institution is likewise entitled to 
a hearing before this committee. The heavy 
toll of life being taken by cancer requires a 
searching investigation. The methods em- 
ployed, as I understand it, is a substance 
known as Mucorhicln, which Is reported to be 
of therapeutic value. 

Under the fourth assignment concerning 
voluntary cooperative prepaid medical plans 
and any resistance encountered from organ- 
izations, associations, or combines, it is a 
matter of public record in the Federal and 
State court that medical associations have 
put up a roadblock whenever or wherever 
this is attempted. 

The Committee on Labor and Public Wel- 
fare, through its Subcommittee on Health, 
submitted the results of a study of health 
Insurance plans in the United States, in a 
report issued in May 1951, 82d Congress. 
This was accomplished under the direction 
of Dr. Dean H. Clark, now the director of the 
Massachusetts General Hospital. This ap- 
pears to be the first objective and Impartial 
study of the scope, benefits, and effective- 
ness of voluntary health Insurance plans. 
It shows that one-half of the population at 
that time had some form of protection 

against the cost of hospital care, but only 
3 million had what can be called compre- 
hensive protection against the cost of hos- 
pital and medical care. Specifically with 
reference to cancer, it would appear that an 
opportunity would be afforded members of 
this sort of a health program to periodic 
checkups to determine whether they had 
cancer. This subject was discussed at length 
between Kenneth Melklejohn, staff director 
of the Subcommittee on Health, and Senator 
Tobey, 2 years ago. Correspondence between 
the two is available. The reports, of course, 
are available to the members of this com- 

From a strictly legal as well as ethical ap- 
proach, if one individual has the right to 
select his own physician or hospital, why 
cannot 10,000 individuals and their families 
determine that they intend to invest directly, 
or indirectly, in the construction and main- 
tenance of a hospital, employ a staff of com- 
petent physicians, surgeons, technicians, 
laboratory experts, nurses, interns, et cetera, 
to look after their health problems? This 
is not so-called socialized medicine. It is 
purely voluntary. Here, as elsewhere stated 
in this report, the Jurisdiction of the com- 
mittee may be limited. It may properly 
belong to the States and their legislators 
and courts to determine this problem. How- 
ever, the general welfare clause of the Con- 
stitution may be the answer. If the com- 
mitteee should determine that it has juris- 
diction, I am of the opinion that competent 
legal evidence can be presented which will 
aid and assist the committee in its final 

With reference to the fifth assignment, you 
are advised that time did not permit me to 
ascertain the number of students or the 
Increase thereof in the various medical 
schools throughout the country. It has been 
suggested that a studied effort has been 
made by certain groups to keep the number 
of students enrolling in medical schools at 
a low figure. I do not assert this to be the 
fact and I doubt if the committee would 
have Jurisdiction to go into that question. 
This would properly belong to the States. 
If this is a fact, then the various State legis- 
latures of the country should, of course, take 
necessary steps, consistent with the public 
welfare, to see that every opportunity is 
given to any boy or girl who possesses the 
necessary qualifications to be permitted to 
enter medical schools. If, on the other 
hand, this committee believes that' it has 
Jurisdiction under the general welfare clause 
of the Constitution to go forward, then cer- 
tainly it would be a proper and timely matter 
of inquiry. In any event, you do have Juris- 
diction and should complete the investiga- 
tion insofar as cancer is concerned by those 
engaged in the research field. 

A careful study of the subject matter em- 
braced in the direction of the late chairman 
will disclose the tremendous Importance of 
the investigation undertaken and the con- 
sideration of the results by the members of 
this committee. 

We have long since passed the age of witch 
hunting. We are, notwithstanding, living in 
an era of hysteria. Investigation seems to be 
the order of the day. Crude thinking results 
in hysterical action. Perhaps the converse 
is true. The beginning of hysteria is the 
end of sound thinking. Proceeding, there- 
fore, to the end result sought by all, we rec- 
ognize the value of our goal in striving for a 
sound, vigorous, and healthful Nation at 
minimum costs. Money, however, lavishly 
spent to stamp out a dreadful scourge is 
sound public economy. 

L have approached this problem with an 
open mind. Recognizing the importance of 
men skilled in the science of medicine, who 
are best informed. If not qualified, on the 
question of cancer, its causes and treatment, 
I directed my attention to the propaganda 
by the American Medical Association and the 
American Cancer Society to the effect. 

namely, "that radium, X-ray therapy, and 
surgery are the only recognized treatments 
for cancer.” 

Is there any dispute among recognized 
medical scientists in America and elsewhere 
in the world on the use of radium and X-ray 
therapy in the treatment of cancer? The 
answer is definitely "Yes." There is a divi- 
sion of opinion on the use of radium and 
X-ray. Both agencies are destructive, not 
constructive. In the alleged destruction of 
the abnormal, outlaw, or cancer cells both 
X-ray therapy and radium destroy normal 
tissue and normal cells. Recognized medical 
authorities in America and elsewhere state 
positively that X-ray therapy can cause can- 
cer in and of itself. Documented cases are 

The increased number of cancer patients 
in America of all ages and the apparent fail- 
ure to presently cope with this dread disease 
indicates the necessity of a sustained effort 
of private and Federal agencies to continue 
research in the field of cancer, its causes 
and treatment. 

If radium, X-ray, or surgery or either of 
them is the complete answer, then the great- 
est hoax of the age is being perpetrated upon 
the people by the continued appeal for funds 
for further research. If neither X-ray, 
radium, or surgery is the complete answer 
to this dreaded disease, and I submit that 
it is not, then what is the plain duty of 
society? Should we stand still? Should we 
sit idly by and count the number of physi- 
cians, surgeons, and cancerologists who are 
not only divided but who, because of fear 
or favor, are forced to line up with the sot 
called accepted view of the American Medical 
Association, or should this committee make 
a full-scale investigation of the organized 
effort to hinder, suppress, and restrict the 
free flow of drugs which allegedly have proven 
successful in cases where clinical records, 
case history, pathological reports, and X-ray 
photographic proof, together with the alleged 
cured patients, are available? 

Accordingly, we should determine whether 
existing agencies, both public and private, 
are engaged and have pursued a policy of 
harassment, ridicule, slander, and libelous 
attacks on others sincerely engaged in stamp- 
ing out this curse of mankind. Have medi- 
cal associations, through their officers, agents, 
servants and employees engaged in this prac- 
tice? My investigation to date should con- 
vince this committee that a conspiracy does 
exist to stop the free flow and use of drugs 
in interstate commerce which allegedly has 
solid therapeutic value. Public and private 
funds have been thrown around like con- 
fetti at a country fair to close up and destroy 
clinics, hospitals, and scientific research lab- 
oratories which do not conform to the view- 
point of medical associations. 

How long will the American people take 
this? To illustrate the stranglehold of the 
American Medical Association on legislation 
which in turn affects every household in 
America, let us look at a small 25-cent tube 
of penicillin ointment. Is it dangerous to 
have around the house for a cut or small 
bruise on your body? Rat poison can be 
bought without a doctor’s prescription. 
Arsenic can be bought without a doctor’s 
prescription. The sale of arsenic and rat 
poisons is small but not penicillin. Accord- 
ingly, we must have a doctor’s prescription 
in America to buy a 25-cent tube of oint- 
ment. In Canada, however, the medical 
association has not yet discovered the great 
danger of a small tube of penicillin ointment 
and, accordingly, the people are able to buy 
it without paying a doctor for a prescription. 
To say that it is dangerous, is silly. To 
assert, rather, that it is but another mani- 
festation of power and privilege of a few at 
the expense of the many would be more con- 
sistent with truth and wholly accurate. 

What is the duty of this committee and 
the members thereof? Your first duty, of 
course, is to do right. Properly considered, 
that is your only duty. In doing right, how- 


ever, you owe a duty to the American people. 
In upholding the law and enacting legis- 
lation for the people of America, we look 
first to the Instrument of our creation as 
a representative form of government. Those 
powers not specifically conferred upon the 
Federal Government and denied to the States 
are reserved either to the States or to the 
people. Thus, the founding fathers very 
wisely created an area of freedom In which 
freemen shall function. It is in this area 
set aside by the fathers of our Republic that 
people have the right to own property, trans- 
act business, build up a system of free enter- 
prise without hindrance, harassment, or 
abuse of either the Government, State or 
Federal, or of other citizens, however pow- 
erful, so long as the people so engaged do 
not trespass upon the rights of others. This 
Is the basic concept of liberty functioning 
in America. It may be said to be a reser- 
voir of freedom. In this area we have min- 
gled our money and blood with the races of 
mankind. We have demonstrated our abil- 
ity to live together peacefully and happilly, 
although we represent most of the races, 
most of the colors, and most of the creeds. 
This was an Innovation and a new experi- 
ment to the peoples of the Old World. Out 
of and from this area has sprung the noblest 
dreams and saintltest purposes of mankind — 
purposes so strong and vital that it has be- 
come the envy and admiration of a waiting 
world. People look longingly to the shores 
of America and desire to make this their 
asylum of escape and hope for the future. 
It Is more than a dream, it Is a reality. 
While we have not solved all the problems 
of mankind, we have at least provided a sanc- 
tuary and the Instruments of government, 
If properly guarded against the abuse of 
selfish men and organizations who would 
bend It to suit their purposes, which could 
live for centuries to come. In this connec- 
tion this committee should Investigate the 
advertising agency which controls all adver- 
tising In the Journal of the American Medi- 
cal Association, as well as the various State 
Journals. Why Is the stamp of approval, 
by the so-called nutrition experts and their 
council on foods, placed on certain foodstuffs, 
denied to others, and others condemned 
without a reasonable investigation? Is there 
any relationship between approval by th’ese 
experts and the operation of the advertising 
agency in the offices of the American Medical 

May I, with propriety, call your attention 
to the tragedy which has invaded the United 
States Senate. Four great Americans, all of 
them — Senator McMahon, Senator Wherry, 
Senator Vandenberg, and Senator Bob Taft — 
were all stricken down with this dreaded 
disease. We are under a compelling moral 
obligation to the memory of these great 
public servants and to the untold millions 
of cancer sufferers throughout the world to 
carry oh this Investigation. We cannot do 

Respectfully submitted. 

Benedict F. FitzGerald, 

Special Counsel. 

We Need Improved Railroad Retirement 






Monday, August 3, 1953 

Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, in 
1951 the Congress passed a number of 
amendments to the Railroad Retirement 
Act which substantially increased rail- 

road retirement benefits. I was proud 
to be a member of the special subcom- 
mittee of the Senate Labor and Public 
Welfare Committee which was responsi- 
ble for the formulation of those benefits 
in the Senate. We increased annuities 
and benefits by 15 percent. We provided 
a wife’s benefit to be equal to one-half 
the annuitant’s benefit, up to a maxi- 
mum of $40 a month. We increased sur- 
vivor's benefits by 33 percent and made 
other essential improvements without 
increasing tax rates. We also provided 
for the creation of a Joint Committee 
on Railroad Retirement to study ways 
and means of increasing railroad retire- 
ment benefits further. That joint com- 
mittee has reported its recommenda- 

It is necessary that the Congress act 
quickly to improve the railroad retire- 
ment system. The railroad workers of 
the United States have contributed to 
the development of a retirement system 
which is today not adequately meeting 
their needs in view of the increased cost 
of living. New railroad retirement bene- 
fits can be achieved if the Congress will 
enact the necessary legislation next 

Within the last few weeks the distin- 
guished chairman of the Committee on 
Railroad Retirement, Senator Paul H. 
Douglas, of Illinois, has presented to the 
Congress the result of that joint com- 
mittee study. This was the most 
thorough study ever made of the rail- 
road retirement system and was made 
under the personal direction of Senator 
Douglas, who is a great friend of the 
railroad workers. The study demon- 
strates that substantially better benefits 
are possible by means of more profitable 
investments of the railroad retirement 
reserve, and by other methods, without 
increasing the tax rate. This is good 
news. There should, therefore, be no 
reason for any delay next year. 

Mr. President, in order to inform all 
railroad workers and railroad retirement 
beneficiaries of the improvements under 
consideration, I ask unanimous consent 
to insert in the Appendix of the Record 
a list of such possibilities. Congress may 
not be able to make all of the changes 
included in the list. Nevertheless, after 
consultation with the Railroad Retire- 
ment Board, standard railroad unions 
and other interested parties, I feel cer- 
tain that a sound, effective, and im- 
proved program can be worked out. 

There being no objection, the list re- 
ferred to was ordered printed in the 
Record as follows: 

Improvements of the Railroad Retirement 
Act Under Consideration by Congress 

1. An across-the-board Increase in all 

2. A minimum monthly annuity of $100. 

3. Elimination of the dual benefits restric- 
tion. At the present time railroad retire- 
ment payments are usually reduced when 
the annuitant Is also receiving social security 
benefits. Proposals have been made to elim- 
inate this reduction. 

4. Calculation of benefits on a more favor- 
able basis. Benefits are presently figured on 
the basis of overall average wages. Sugges- 
tions have been made for figuring payments. 
Instead, from the employee’s average earn- 
ings during his 5 highest years. 

6. Lower age requirement for retirement 
on full annuity. Retirement before age 65 

on a reduced annuity is already possible. 
However, some have suggested provision for 
retirement on full annuities at age 60 after 
30 years of service. 

6. Lower age requirement of wife for wife’s 
benefit from age 65 to age 60. 

7. Lower age requirement for widow’s bene- 
fits from age 65 to age 60 (complete elimina- 
tion of age requirement has also been urged 
for widows) . 

8. Increase all survivor benefits substan- 

Resolution of Daingerfield (Tex.) 
Chamber of Commerce 






Monday, August 3, 1953 

Mr. KILDAY. Mr. Speaker, under 
leave to extend my remarks, I am in- 
cluding the following resolution, adopt- 
ed by the Chamber of Commerce of 
Daingerfield, Tex., and addressed to 
Senator Lyndon Johnson, of Texas: 

Daingerfield Chamber of Commerce, 

Daingerfield, Tex., July 16, 1953. 
Senator Lyndon Johnson, 

Senate Office Building, 

Washington, D. C. 

Most Honorable Senator — 

"Be it resolved, That the Daingerfield 
Chamber of Commerce of Texas thank you 
for your efforts that were put forth in 
helping our friends in the cattle industry 
of west Texas survive the most severe 
drought of this generation. 

"Be it resolved, That through you It will 
be possible for the cities and the peoples of 
the Southwest once again to prepare to build 
an empire that will not be outclassed by 
any. This will be accomplished by the fact 
that your time was spent in behalf of the 
constituents of this great State. 

“Further we would like to state that this 
area has been fortunate through the grace of 
God to have received an ample water fall 
that will permit us to be a part of the help- 
ers for the needy.” 

This resolution being duly adopted and the 
motion made by George (Buddy) Bass, sec- 
onded by Jack Ponder, on this the 15th day 
of July 1953. 


W. M. Watson, 

Manager, Chamber of Commerce. 

Why Our GI’s Fought So Hard 






Monday, August 3, 1953 

Mr. HUMPHREY. Mr. President, I ask 
unanimous consent that the text of a 
broadcast by Mr. Eric Sevareid, the dis- 
tinguished radio commentator of the 
Columbia Broadcasting System on July 
27 be printed in the Appendix of the 
Congressional Record. Every service- 
man’s family should have an opportunity 
to read this brilliant and poetic product 
of Mr. Sevareid’s keen mind and compas- 
sionate heart.